Please note - The term Class 0 has not been defined for manufacturing applications by any industry standard. Recent surveys have shown that manufacturing failure rates escalate exponentially for devices with ESD withstand voltages below 200 volts for either HBM (human body model) or CDM (charged device model). MM is intentionally omitted from this definition since it is largely redundant to HBM. It is also vitally important for the manufacturing process to have a well defined trigger for risk assessments of ultra-sensitive components. These risk assessments involve verification of manufacturing process capability as well as for any risks that may be passed on to customers. A working definition for a Class 0 devices is any component that fails below 200 volts for either HBM or CDM.