ESD Flooring Questions and Answers

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What is conductivity?

Ohms are a measure of electrical resistance. Electrical Resistance measures the ability of a material to conduct an electrical charge to ground. Ground is a point in an electrical circuit or building infrastructure that has zero electrical potential. Ground provides a path to neutralize all electrical charges.A Conductor is a material with low electrical resistance that will safely attract an electrical charge to ground. Examples of conductors are water, copper, aluminum and carbon. A practical example of a conductor is a lightning rod, ...
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Why is conventional anti-static protection in carpets insufficient for today's workplace?

Conventional anti-static carpet is designed to enhance human comfort only. Conversely, Staticworx® ESD Carpet is designed to enhance human comfort and improve the performance of electronic equipment. Static electricity in the workplace is generated from many sources other than the carpeted floor, such as clothing, the interaction of clothing and furniture, plastic, etc. Anti-static carpet only ensures that the carpet itself does not generate harmful static charges. Staticworx® ESD Carpet ensures that the carpet and the people do not ...
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Why is this change an important concern for the carpet specifier?

Now, more than ever, flooring specifiers need to consider the static propensity (Kv rating), and the electrical resistance, (ER rating), of commercial floor coverings. Static propensity measures how much static charge a floor covering will generate. Electrical resistance measures the floor's ability to safely dissipate a potentially harmful static charge. Understanding the difference between static propensity and electrical resistance is a fundamental requirement for flooring specifiers. New generations of electronics are being introduced that require floors to have extremely ...
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What impact will new electronics technologies have in your workplace?

Currently, just about every commercial facility uses sensitive electronic equipment. Whether it is desktop computers, network servers, data storage devices, telecom switches and routers, wireless systems, communications equipment, etc., these end-users are continually upgrading their electronics to keep pace with their competitors in the Information Economy.In the future, as new electronics technologies evolve, they will be even more advanced than they are today. New microchip designs will be smaller, faster and run on less energy. They will be ...
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How does ESD cause computer downtime?

Most electronic equipment is programmed to function according to specific electronic codes, a series of electrical pulses called binary code. Unfortunately, the discharge of static electricity can also produce rogue electrical pulses, or shock waves, which may influence the programmed electrical pulses in the computer. This random and erratic ESD produces ElectroMagnetic Interference, or EMI, which can cause false electronic signals, program interruptions, memory loss and alteration of stored data. It is estimated that business losses in the billions ...
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Is there a difference between human and computer sensitivity to static?

Yes. Computers are much more sensitive to static electricity than people are. Computer manufacturer's recommend that their equipment not be exposed to voltage levels over 2.0 Kv, (see IBM user manual at ESD related interference to computers is difficult to determine because people are not aware that it is occurring. Human sensitivity generally begins at about 3.5 Kv. At this level an ESD event may cause you to feel a very slight tingling on ...
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What is the unit of static measurement?

The basic unit of measurement for static electricity is the volt. The numbers are often so high that the kilovolt (Kv) is a commonly used unit.Typical Electrostatic Voltages at 20% Relative Humidity Sliding across a foam cushion                              10-14 Kv Walking across a vinyl floor                                      8-12 Kv Walking across nylon carpet                                      2-4 Kv Walking across computer grade carpet                    <2 Kv Walking across Staticworx® ...
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What is ESD?

ESD is an acronym for ElectroStatic Discharge, commonly referred to as static electricity, is generated when two materials contact and separate. Repeated contact and separation, or friction, increases the accumulated static charge. When contact is made between an object that is charged with static and a conductive surface, electrostatic discharge, (ESD), occurs. One classic example of an ESD event is a lightning bolt striking an object. Another example of ESD is when you get a surprising shock as your ...
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ESD Standards: What is the correct system resistance?

There are very different considerations when evaluating ESD flooring. Before choosing a resistance range you first need to determine if special anti static footwear will be used or if people entering the space will wear ordinary generic footwear.From a purely technical perspective, a floor’s ESD properties can be evaluated: by measuring the floor’s resistance to ground in ohms by measuring the amount of static a person can generate while walking on the floor voltage  or by testing some ...
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Is static control floor finish appropriate for an MRI suite in a hospital?

We often supply floor finishes for use on soiled ESD vinyl sheet flooring. The application of a polish or finish usually becomes necessary a few months after installation; as you probably know, when vinyl ages and is exposed to foot traffic, it becomes porous and begins to collect dirt. A good ESD polish will re-seal the pores without hurting the static control properties of the floor. Additionally, if the flooring in the MRI suite is either static dissipative or ...
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